Cookers serve for cooking, heating of water, heating of premises, zaparki forages for cattle, drying of various products, and also clothes. Teplootdacha plates does not exceed 1 kw (900 kcal/ch). For increase teplootdachi them connect to heating guards.
Plates can be the different sizes and weight, however their height irrespective of the size and designs makes 77 see
At a plate laying it is necessary to consider the sizes of the top pig-iron flooring, ovens, water-heating boxes. Some pig-iron plates from the bottom party have ledges (so-called sides), therefore the sizes of the furnace should be such that sides of the top pig-iron flooring have freely entered into a laying and had from different directions a backlash not less than 5 mm for metal expansion at heating. If it not to make, metal, extending, will destroy an oven laying. Distinguish plates simple - have neither ovens, nor a water-heating box, no average complexity - with an oven, difficult - with an oven and a water-heating box. The fire chamber can be located in front or sideways. An oven and a water-heating box have or in common (to the right of a fire chamber), or separately (from two parties). In the first case one latch, in the second - two is required.
Plates (centers) work so (fig. 175). In a simple plate hot gases from toplivnika go under a pig-iron plate, and therefrom through vyvodnoj the channel to a pipe or a heating guard. In other plates hot gases also at first go under a pig-iron plate, and then under an oven and a water-heating box, washing them from three parties. Only after that they get to a pipe or a heating guard.
At a laying of the kitchen center directly on wooden the floor or the enclosed wooden board prior to the beginning of work should execute the following: to put on a floor or a board three layers of sheet asbestos or two layers of the sheet felt soaked in a clay solution, to cover with their steel sheet and to nail up. On this sheet put a center outline, and on a clay solution put the laying first row. Before a fire chamber krepjat in a steel sheet (on asbestos or felt) in the size 50 X 70 sm, hammering in nails through everyone 5 see Over sheet establish a plinth. It is possible to beat at first a plinth round the furnace, and predtopochnyj sheet to bend for it, but it is more difficult.
That last, top number of a laying of the center was stronger, on it stack obvjazku from an angular steel ("¶р эё"). If the plate adjoins a heating guard, "¶р эё" put from three parties; if it is far from it, from four.
the Kitchen simple center (fig. 176) the size 890 X 510 mm, height 770 mm and weight 530 kg have teplootdachu at two fire chambers a day 0,8 Vt (700 kcal/ch).
- a red brick - 118 sht;
- a clay solution - 5 buckets;
- a grid-iron lattice in the size 250 h 250 mm;
- top internal dverka ordinary in the size 250 h 205 mm;
- dverki podduvalnaja and prochistnaja in the size 130 h 140 mm - 2 pieces;
- a pig-iron plate compound with rings in the size 410 h 360 mm - 2 pieces;
- two sheets of a roofing steel - predtopochnyj in the size 500 h 700 mm and under a plate - the size 890 X 510 mm, building felt - 0,7 kg;
- obvjazka (corner) 30 h 30 h 4 mm - 2,9 m;
- a steel tape in the size 25 h 15 mm - 2 m;
- a smoke latch in the size 130 h 130 mm.
A center Laying. First of all it is necessary to study drawings attentively: a facade, the sizes and porjadovki. If the base top it level is made. If the center is put on a floor or a wooden board at first carry out preparation as it has been told above. By means of a square and a ruler check prjamougolnost the drawn form of the center. Having prepared a clay solution, start a laying.
- 1st number carry out from the whole brick. A laying of this number check on prjamougolnost and conformity to the established sizes.
- 2nd number put also from the whole brick. Its laying is simple, it is necessary to tie up seams well only.
- 3rd number put, as 1st, but on the right side arrange blew (box) and establish podduvalnuju dverku, opiraja it on the second row and clamping from two parties trehchetverkami.
- 4th number differs from 3rd themes that has on the left side a conclusion - the channel from which smoke gases get to a pipe or a heating guard. Width of the channel of 140 mm. Sideways, against the channel, put cleaning. She leans against 3rd number.
- 5th a number same, as well as 4th. podduvalnuju dverku block a laying, and there is an aperture in the size 260 h 260 mm. Later here the grid-iron lattice will be put.
6th number blocks cleaning; in it there is an aperture in the size 200 X 260 mm which becomes continuation of the vertical channel (on fig. 176 is shown by a black triangle). On the right side under a grid-iron lattice leave an aperture in the size 200 h 260 mm.
- 7th number. the Vertical channel here is narrowed to 260 X 130 mm. Over podduvalom with a support on a sixth row put a grid-iron lattice, receding from different directions on 10 mm. That the size has not changed, bricks stacked from two parties against a lattice move a little in the furnace (the cut V-V see). the Bricks adjoining to a grid-iron lattice, otesyvajut (they are shaded), forming inclined planes - slopes on which fuel rolls down on a lattice (a cut A-A).
- 8th number forms toplivnik in the size 520 h 260 mm; here establish top internal dverku, leaning against 7th number.
- 9 and 10th numbers. the Laying of these numbers is similar to a laying of 8th. Here it is important to observe bandaging of seams.
- 11th number - finishing. It should be executed strictly horizontally. Top internal dverku block, and a partition or a wall separating the vertical channel on which smoke gases arrive to the target channel, do not spread.
- 12th number as that does not exist, at this stage stack a pig-iron flooring on a liquid clay solution. The top bricks of 11th number fasten obvjazkoj - "¶р эёюь" i.e. A framework bent from a corner 30 h 30 h 4 mm, with priklepannymi to it pads, or kljammerami, from a tape steel. Kljammery have on two furnaces from the long party and on one - with short. As the framework with kljammerami cannot be put on executed 11th number, it establish on 10th number and fix 11th. It is desirable to attach To a framework in front iszadi skoby on which it is possible to hang up wet towels for drying. And skoby it is necessary to cover a framework with the fire-resistant varnish protecting a steel from rzhavlenija. If a corner and skoby are executed from corrosion-proof metal the covering a varnish is not required.
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