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Facing of floors

More often at first revet floors, and then walls, but happens and on the contrary. In the first variant at facing of walls of a tile directly press to floor facing. At the second variant of a tile of the bottom number paste on walls so that they have been lifted on the necessary distance from preparation, i.e. On a layer of a cement mortal and a thickness of tiles. In this case prior to the beginning of facing of walls by tiles on a floor it is desirable to lay wooden rejku the necessary thickness, and on it opirat the bottom numbers of tiles. Thus it is necessary to know wearing floor level in kitchen, a bathroom or a lavatory. The tiled floor can be below floor level indoors or flush with it.

Lay tiles as it is possible more exactly, without ledges and hollows circulation on which is inconvenient and it is unsafe.

Prior to the beginning of facing floors clear of a dust, a dirt and well sweeps. Especially carefully it is necessary to clear the places polluted by plaster as it causes vspuchivanie a tiled covering. Oil or other stains delete 2-3%-s' solution of hydrochloric acid or warm water with dissolved in it kausticheskoj soda from calculation 100-150 g on 10 l of water. After that a surface well wash out pure water.

Facing of floors by a ceramic (ordinary) tile. Under facing of a floor by an ordinary tile arrange the preparation which level should be below wearing floor level on 25-30 mm. Missing height to wearing floor level fill with a solution and a tile.

Accuracy of the executed preparation of 1,75 m. check a rule the in length Backlashes between a rule and preparation than 15 mm are supposed no more. If on preparation there are defects, they are corrected.

After that start adjustment of correctness of corners of a premise. The first check consists that on premise diagonals cords pull. If diagonals are equal, the floor indoors has a correct squared shape if is not present this lack correct. For example, at nastilke a floor with a frieze the frieze and the general background carry out precisely on a square, and pristennye numbers lay from the chopped tiles, hiding thereby lacks of the form of a floor.

Seams between tiles should coincide, the floor should have a horizontal surface. If some tiles roll, fall below the necessary level them take out, clean off from them a solution, put its new portion, stack a tile into place, utaplivaja it flush with earlier laid, fill seams with a solution and smooth out them.

Breakdown of a floor for nastilki tiles without a frieze: 1, 2 - repernye tiles, 3 - majachnye tiles. 4 - a beacon, 5 - the first row of tiles; 6 - the second row of tiles; 7 - a cord, 8 - pristennyj a number of tiles Facing of floors by tiles of one colour without a frieze. Breakdown of a floor for nastilki tiles without a frieze (fig. 128) carry out as follows. On diagonals pull a cord 7, find the floor center through which lay axes on length and width of a premise. Then find level of a wearing floor and establish so-called repernuju a tile I about a door or in the floor center 2, that depends on the size of a premise.

After that about walls flush with repernoj a tile 1 or 2 establish a little majachnyh tiles 3 on distance of 2-2,5 m from each other. Between these tiles arrange beacons 4, i.e. Numbers of the tiles located flush with earlier laid majachnymi tiles. If the distance between majachnymi tiles is more 2,5 m between them establish intermediate beacons.

If the integer of tiles is not entered in the sizes of a floor and it is necessary to use rublenye tiles, having them along all walls, facing begin with the floor center, i.e. From the established tile 2. From it to a wall stretch a cord, strongly attaching it to earlier hammered probes. On this cord spread the first row of tiles 5. Then pull the second cord 7 perpendicularly to the first and would spread the second row of tiles, filling after that pristennyj a number with the chopped tiles 8.

First row Tiles stack in such sequence. Prepare a solution, moisten a surface of tiles with water, stack and level a solution so that the thickness of its layer on 3-5 mm was more than under earlier laid tiles. Then take a tile, put it on a solution near to earlier laid majachnoj a tile and rebuff easy blows of a hammer or the handle kelmy so that it has appeared at one level with a cord.

The Laid number of tiles check and level by means of a rule. If some tiles have sunk down, them lift. Thus lay numbers from the whole tiles.

For nastilki pristennyh numbers apply rublenye tiles. For this purpose a tile cut, but its edges not pritachivajut as they will be closed by the tiles laid on a wall and a plinth.

Between tiles there are seams, which after nastilki all floor but not earlier than through 3-5 sut, fill with liquid pure cement milk (without a sand impurity). The solution and cement milk can be tinted earthen shchelochestojkoj a paint under colour of tiles. For filling of seams cement milk or a solution spill on a floor and level a broom. Surpluses of cement milk or a solution delete from a floor surface prior to the beginning shvatyvanija, wiping a floor a wet rag. After that a floor strew damp sawdust which then will sweep away.

That hardened is better and the cement mortal became stronger, a floor in a day water or strew damp sawdust. In three days a floor clear a rigid broom of sawdust and a solution.

the workplace Organization at packing of tiles: 1 - the tiles laid by a face sheet upwards, 2 - a cement mortal, 3 - the laid tiles, 4, 5 - cords-prichalki, 1 '-10 ' - sequence of packing of tiles Definitively clear a floor of a solution a rag moistened in 3-5%-s' solution of hydrochloric acid. That hydrochloric acid did not get deeply into seams and did not destroy cement, action it at once will neutralise, washing out a floor a weak solution of soda or soap, and then pure water.

The workplace Organization zahvatkami in the form of steps is shown (parts) on fig. 129. Tiles 1 for convenience have piles in several places. A solution 2 stack on preparation of a floor or in a box so that it was convenient to take it. Numbers of tiles 3 stack on the tense cords-prichalkam 4 and 5 in the sequence designated in figures 1 '-10 '.

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