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glass Fastening in covers

In them glass fix hairpins, nails or shtapikami. Hairpins and nails hammer, having them through each 300 mm, and in window leaves - through 200 mm.

Hairpins and nails hammer so that they have been directed in parallel glass or rose over it (fig. 113) a little. If hairpins or nails are strongly pressed to glass it can break up.

113. Fastening has flown down hairpins or nails: and - it is correct, - it is wrong; 114. Manufacturing provolchnyh hairpins and fastening of glass by them: and - a hairpin bending, - zabivanie hairpins a chisel, in - position of a hairpin after obmazki (1 - it is correct, 2 - it is wrong); 115. Obmazka folds putty At glass fastening by wire hairpins the wire is curtailed into a circle in diameter not less by than 200 mm and hold the left hand. The right hand take a chisel, put to it the end of a wire in length of 15-20 mm, press its thumb of the right hand and bend on a chisel at right angle (fig. 114.

Having unbent a hairpin, it put to glass and strike to it a chisel sliding blows, i.e. The chisel slides on glass without coming off it (fig. 114, 6). The hairpin is hammered on 2-3 mm more deeply by width of a fold: in this case it will be closed completely by putty (fig. 114. Then the left hand bend a wire two-three times, and it is broken off. The soft wire does not possess such properties.

At glass fastening by small nails or hairpins without hats them press to glass, holding with a finger of the left hand, and right in which there is a chisel, hammer their sliding blows.

(fig. 115) is carried out by Obmazka of folds of covers so. In the left hand take a putty clod, in right - a knife. A knife cut off a putty piece, press putty into a fold, densely filling it, level and smooth down, moving a knife with small pressing on all length of a fold. After that the putty surface should be smooth. The putty which has supported folds cut off, collect and make use again. The putty strip on all folds of one cover should be identical width.

If the hairpin or nail end is not closed by putty it starts to rust, forming yellow stains on white putty.

Widespread the insert has flown down both on unary, and on double putty. However it is better to give preference to the second way, as to the most practical.

116. The insert has flown down on unary putty: 1 - a backlash; 117. The insert has flown down on double putty: and, - drawing of putty in the form of the platen and a tape; in, g - packing and glass pressing; d, e - cutting and smoothing down of the squeezed out putty; - the glass inserted on double putty: 1 - bed putty, 2 - glass, 3 - putty, 4 - hairpins, 5 - brusok; 118. The insert has flown down on shtapikah and putty: 1 - glass, 2 - putty, 3 - shtapik, 4 - a screw the Insert has flown down on unary putty - the most simple way (fig. 116). Glasses cut, folds clear of a dust and a dirt, stack in them glass so that it was equally spaced from the high parties of a fold. At osteklenii the hung covers glass put on the bottom fold, fix hairpins or nails and cover with putty.

This way approaches for osteklenija time premises, cold verandahs, etc. Folds in covers not always lie in one plane, and glass in them lays down leaky. The condensed water which is flowing down from glasses gets into a backlash between a fold and glass. Covers become wet and quickly collapse. Besides, at namokanii derevesina inflates and presses on glass which if it has been densely inserted into folds, will necessarily crack. Putty falls off the become wet folds.

the Insert has flown down on double putty slightly more difficult, but it is much more reliable in sense of tightness. At osteklenii on double putty glass put not directly on folds, and on a layer of semi-fluid putty which of 2-5 mm or tapes in width in a fold and put thickness on folds a knife or steel shpatelem in the form of the platen in the thickness of 1-3 mm without admissions and ruptures (fig. 117).

Glass stack so that it has been located on identical distance from all parties of a fold, press as it is possible more densely to folds (but so that not to split it), superfluous putty and glass densely will not be squeezed out yet will not lay down on folds on which there was the most thin layer of putty.

Thus between glass and the vertical party of a fold should not remain the places blank by putty. The squeezed out putty cut off at right angle or on a cone (fig. 117 d. The laid glass fix hairpins or nails and cover folds with dense putty.

the Insert has flown down on shtanikah. Shtapiki is rejki the various form which simultaneously both press glass, and fill folds instead of putty. SHtapiki give to covers more beautiful kind.

The Insert has flown down on shtapikah is made:

  • dry (without putty);
  • with packing on semi-fluid putty;
  • with installation of glass and shtapikov on dense putty.

Shtapiki krepjat to folds nails or screws, having them is not more rare than through 300 mm one from another. Nails and screws should defend from glass on distance of 3-5 mm not to split it.

At to an insert dry glass stack and fix shtapikami. At to a glass insert on semi-fluid putty on it stack glass, densely press and fix shtapikami. Surpluses of putty cut off and smooth down.

At to an insert of glass and shtapikov on putty (fig. 118) glass stack on semi-fluid putty and press to folds. SHtapik from one or two parties cover with the same putty, stack on a place, densely press to glass and folds and fix nails or screws. Surpluses of the squeezed out putty cut off and smooth down. After podsyhanija putties shtapiki paint.