Clay and loams are necessary for preparation of a solution for an oven laying. Them subdivide on very plastic - fat, sredneplastichnye - normal and maloplastichnye - lean. Depending on plasticity they can be used in the pure state without the sand additive (normal), with the sand additive (fat), with the additive of fat clay (lean). To a usual laying apply red or ordinary clay. Refractory clay uses only for a laying of a fire-resistant brick.
the air is applied by Izvest in solutions to a base laying under the furnace and oshtukaturivanija.
Cement and plaster add in solutions accordingly for a laying and oshtukaturivanija furnaces.
Sand happens mountain, ovrazhnyj, river and sea. It is subdivided on small - the size of grains to 1 mm, average - 1-2 mm, large - 2-5 mm. In clay solutions apply sand with krupnostju grains no more than 1 mm that gives the chance to receive the most thin (2-3 mm) seams.
Shamot add in refractory clay instead of sand (structure 1:1). Produce it from the refractory clay burnt to temperature 1300... 1400°С with the subsequent crushing. Apply such solutions to a laying of furnaces from a fire-resistant brick.
Gravel, rubble, bulygi (boulders), butovyj a stone are well-known.
the Brick ceramic, or ordinary, red colour should be normally burnt. Its size 25x12x6,5 see strongly burnt through brick, so-called iron ore, for a laying of furnaces is unsuitable, poorly burnt (the scarlet brick) also is undesirable for applying to a laying of furnaces.
1 m 3 a brick - about 540 pieces
The Fire-resistant brick use for a laying toplivnikov or them futerovki - facings.
Pipes - ceramic and asbestotsementnye use at the device dymooborotov, internal channels in the furnace and chimneys. Them warm teploizoljatsionnymi materials.
Metals the various form and section apply in some places of an oven laying. A roofing steel use for predtopochnyh sheets.
Application a wire, nails, felt, asbestos is well-known. Them channels in the furnace and chimneys. Them warm teploizoljatsionnymi materials.