To pasting of ceilings and walls apply various materials: wall-paper, linkrust, an oilcloth, a chintz, a velvet etc. For initial pasting of surfaces it is required thin - type newspaper - a paper, paper for recycling. Wall-paper and a paper is better to paste structures of industrial manufacturing, somehow: glue KMTS, bustilat, dispersion PVA, gumilaks, etc. They strongly paste a paper and wall-paper and, as a rule, do not leave traces on an obverse surface of wall-paper. Besides, they help to keep foodstuff: starch, a flour which apply to paste preparation in house conditions. Depending on density of wall-paper use this or that gluing structure. Quality of pasting depends on its correct application and observance of technology of performance of works.
Wall-paper. the paper of the different density defined in weight of one square metre in grammes is applied To manufacturing of wall-paper. Wall-paper shares on simple and average density (70-100 g/m 2 ), on dense, imprinted washing (120-170 g/m 2 ) and shirokorulonnye (150-200 g/m 2 ).
Besides, they are subdivided into marks: And, Av, Am - printing; Bv - printing imprinted; In, Vv - printing goffered; G, Gv, H'm - duplicated. An index "т" designates firmness to damp istiraniju, "р" - to istiraniju a washing-up liquid solution. Duplicated wall-paper of Gv and H'm is produced with a film covering.
Wall-paper lets out in rolls in length 6; 10,5; 12 and 18 m. Width of rolls 500, 560 and 600 mm (together with edges). Useful width of wall-paper (without edges): 470-480 mm at width of 500 mm; 530-540 mm - at width of 560 mm; 570-580 mm at width of 600 mm and 580-600 mm - at width of a roll of 620 mm.
Wall-paper happens two grades. The first grade has no rupture of edges. Wall-paper of the second grade can have the broken off edges. Besides, rolls can consist of two pieces. And the short piece should not be shorter 2,5 m. Pieces in a roll can be separate or stuck together together. Let out also wall-paper with a glutinous layer on the back party, self-glued. To store wall-paper it is recommended in vertical position in a dry premise.
Borders and friezes with every possible drawing of various colours Are produced also. Borders and friezes select to wall-paper so that they were in harmony among themselves, without differing sharply from wall-paper. Paste them on the top sawn-off shotgun of wall-paper to or after a label of wall-paper.
Linkrust - a dense rolled material with the relief drawing, executed from the plastic put on a paper basis. A material we burn down.
Linkrust apply to furnish of walls; let out in rolls in length of 12 m, with useful width (without edges) 500,600,750 and 900 mm. Edges at linkrusta happen in the width from 3 to 20 mm, thickness not less than 0,5 mm; a thickness on a relief no more than 1,2 mm.
The Obverse surface linkrusta is not painted. After gluing and drying it paint oil or enamel paints of the necessary colour.
Paste linkrust not vnahlestku, and end-to-end. On its obverse surface there should not be ruptures, cracks, apertures, bowls, flows and various inclusions from extraneous materials. The face sheet should be pure, with the accurate drawing absolutely homogeneous for the structure. Rolls linkrusta skatyvajut without the core with initial internal diameter not less than 50 mm. Skatyvanie it is made by a face sheet inside. Each roll wrap up a dense paper. Store in a pure dry premise and it is obligatory in vertical position.
Films. To pasting of surfaces of walls instead of wall-paper and linkrusta widely apply the every possible films made of polyvinylchloride, softeners, pigments and various additives. Them produce without a glutinous layer or with a glutinous layer on an underside, protected by a special paper.
the Polyvinylchloride decorative finishing film represents the finishing decorative material, produced two kinds: PDO - without a glutinous layer and PDSO - with a glutinous layer on an underside, protected by a special paper. PDO let out in rolls in length of 150 m, width 150-1600 mm, thickness of 0,15 mm. PDSO produce rolls the in length of 15 and 8 m, width according to 450-500 both 900 mm and thickness of 0,15 mm. The film happens multi-colour to printing drawing, with a smooth or imprinted obverse surface. On an obverse surface there should not be extraneous inclusions, scratches, bowls, folds, strips, splashes from a put paint and drawing distortion. Are not supposed: drawing distortion, through apertures and ruptures.
It is possible to finish with Such film walls of premises, door cloths (door), furniture, wooden panels indoors etc.
The Film is convenient that small pollution are easy for removing room temperature water.
the Polyvinylchloride finishing film on a paper underlying cause (isocaptivity) is a rolled material with length of a roll 10, 12, 18 m, width 500, 600, 750 mm and thickness of 0,3 mm. Produce an isocaptivity of different colours, with a smooth, imprinted, glossy and matte surface; apply to furnish of walls in buildings with a normal temperature mode.
Besides the considered films there are also others new materials and products for building, besides, are created. To apply them follows precisely observing instructions of instructions applied on them.
Glued a paper (paper for recycling). It there should be a soft thin paper (usually use old newspapers). On it there should not be oil, ink and other stains as oil and ink, for example, pass through thickness of wall-paper and leave on them ineradicable stains.
The Paper for recycling is applied to primary pasting of various surfaces - walls, ceilings, partitions on purpose to smooth roughnesses a little, to improve coupling of wall-paper with a surface, to protect a paint on wall-paper from fading owing to influence available in concrete and plaster of alkalis etc.
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