Facing of surfaces by tiles - a reliable way of protection of designs from destruction by a moisture, alkalis, acids, etc. Revet walls and floors in bathrooms, lavatories, kitchens more often, but floors in kitchens can be and from other materials.
Facing of walls glazurovannymi is shown by ceramic tiles on fig. 120. One party of tiles glazurovannaja, the second corrugated, without glazurovki that promotes the best coupling of tiles with solutions and mastics.
Ordinary tiles let out in the size 150x150, 150x100 and 150x75 mm. Produce them with a blockage (with the rounded off edges) from one, two, three and four parties and without a blockage.
Shaped tiles are angular tiles of the different form. Ordinary and shaped tiles let out one- and multi-colour.
Ceramic tiles for facing of floors (one-colour and multi-colour) happen to a smooth or rough obverse surface. An underside corrugated. Drawings of floors are shown on fig. 121.
Ceramic tiles for inlaid floors happen in the size 23x23, 48x48 and 48x23 mm. Industrially them paste on sheets of a dense paper in the size 398x598 mm which are called as a card.
Solutions, mastics and paints. To facing of surfaces by tiles apply: solutions basically cement structure from 1:4 to 1:6 (see gl. 6 "П=ѕър=ѕЁэ№х Ёрсю=№"), mastics it is cement-kazeinovye, paints gustotertye oil, it is better than white or grey colour that did not appear through through thickness of a tile.
It is cement-kazeinovaja mastic it is applied only to gluing of tiles on walls.
At first prepare kazeinovyj glue, during 30 mines carefully mixing it before full swelling of grains of glue. Then a dry cement-sandy mix mix with glue to a total homogeneity. If lumps mastic filter through a sieve with cells 1x1 mm were formed.
Mastic and a paint put on a surface a layer in the thickness to 2 mm or smear on the back party of tiles. Tiles establish into place and carefully pripressovyvajut but so that not to split a tile. The squeezed out surpluses of mastic collect and mix together with not used.
For facing performance it is required following the tool:
- plaster kelma;
- a hammer from a strong steel in weight 60-80 g with the sharp end for pererubanija tiles for floors;
- roller steklorez for are sharp glazurovannyh tiles or a steel core with a tip from a firm alloy;
- a template;
- medium-grained nazhdachnyj, korundovyj or another brusok for pritochki ceramic tiles.