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Pasting of walls and ceilings wall-paper

The Sequence of conducting works plays an important role in maintenance of their quality. Infringement often leads to unpleasant consequences. After surfaces will be prepared for pasting, start pasting or colouring of a ceiling and eaves. Then paint window and door slopes, boxes, platbands, plinths, radiators and heating pipes. It becomes that at their colouring after pasting not to soil wall-paper. If it is necessary to paint pipes after pasting under them, on a wall it is necessary to strengthen a sheet of paper for protection of wall-paper from a paint.

That about window and door slopes wall-paper did not depart, arrives so. During colouring on their perimetre on walls the same paint paint strips in width of 50-60 mm. During pasting wall-paper does not lead up to usenka a slope on 10-20 mm, and round a window aperture there is as though a framework of white colour that decorates a wall with windows and a room as a whole.

If there are eaves it paint in one colour with a ceiling. If the eaves are not present, and to paste wall-paper to the ceiling ugly on walls it is recommended to arrange the so-called painted eaves, i.e. A strip of the same colour, as a ceiling. Width of this strip usually 100-150 mm. That this strip was equal and identical width on all walls, from a ceiling measure the necessary distance and put a simple pencil of a label (hyphen), is better in corners of walls. Then a cord rub with a chalk or ultramarinom (blue), put to labels, hardly pull, take away a little from a wall and release. Hitting about a wall, the cord shakes from itself a chalk or a blue and leaves a thin equal line which differentiates surfaces of colouring and gluing of a paper and wall-paper on a wall.

It is possible to paint at first a ceiling and the top part of walls, and then to beat off a line and to clean off nabel. However it long also is labour-consuming. It is better to arrive so. Having beaten off lines, on them paste paste paper strips in width of 200-250 mm. Then the ceiling and top of walls paint so that on 20-30 mm to paint and the pasted paper strips. After colouring these strips become wet, paste almost does not hold them also they easily act in film from walls, sharply outlining the put paint. So do and under eaves or galteljami.

Proklejka of surfaces is a drawing of gluing structure. After proklejki on a surface there is a thin film of gluing structure to which the paper or wall-paper is more strongly pasted. Besides, the film protects wall-paper from destruction by the alkalis which are available on surfaces.

Prokleivanie should be carried out brushes, it is desirable rigid that they as it is possible more strongly rubbed gluing structure during a surface time.

As it was already told, proklejku and paper gluing it is possible to carry out hot structure, putting to its thin layers and carefully shading without admissions and potekov. All kinds of surfaces are exposed to this operation. Especially carefully it is necessary to glue the top parts of walls in the area of a label of wall-paper or a border as here they start to come unstuck more often. Not to soil the painted white strip, work should be carried out accurately, small bench hammer or flejtsem, taking away a strip in width of 150-200 mm. Below this strip proklejku carry out any big brush.

Pasting by a paper. Building norms and rules (SNiP) provide pasting by a paper of monolithic plaster before gluing of wall-paper and wooden surfaces - before gluing of wall-paper and polyvinylchloride films.

Gipsolitovye, gipsobetonnye and sheet materials paste over surfaces with a paper only at presence on them of roughnesses.

Pasting carry out end-to-end, if a paper utolshchennaja, or vnahlestku, if it thin, as for example the newspaper. Pasting should be conducted without admissions, wrinkles and swellings.

Sheets of paper, more often newspapers, stack a pile on a table or to a floor, smear with a thin layer of gluing structure without admissions and paste. Usually work conduct from top to down, i.e. At first paste a horizontal strip at eaves or the painted strip, then the same strip below it etc. It is necessary to smooth each pasted sheet with a rag or a brush. The thin paper is more strongly pasted to a surface, than dense. Therefore if the thin paper is smeared with gluing structure once, dense with two, and sometimes and three times that it has softened. It is possible to make and so: to spread out a paper in some piles, at first to humidify with its water, and in some minutes razmjagshuju a paper to miss the mark with gluing structure.

To platbands and plinths a paper paste end-to-end, instead of vnahlestku as from them it often comes unstuck. For stronger gluing of a paper in such places it is possible to execute repeated proklejku.

If between a wall and a plinth the big crack it is necessary for closing up. Is better to tear off, clear away plinths under them cracks, to fill with their solution, plinths to clear of a dirt and again to beat into place. If it cannot be made for some reason or other, a crack clear of a dust and a dirt, moisten with water by means of a brush and cover with plaster with sand as it is possible more densely filling a crack, well level and smooth down. It should be made beforehand that prior to the beginning of pasting all has dried up.

That wall-paper kept more strongly, the pasted paper can be glued cold gluing structure: or all surface completely, or separate strips in places stykovanija cloths of wall-paper. After full drying start gluing of wall-paper.

Preparation of wall-paper. Edges cut off from any one party if wall-paper pastes vnahlestku, or from two parties if paste end-to-end. The cut off edges keep: they can be useful.

Usually simple and average density wall-paper pastes vnahlestku, in this case it is recommended to cut off wall-paper so that at a label of an edge of cloths has been turned towards windows, i.e. Towards to a light stream.

Imprinted, shirokorulonnye wall-paper, linkrust, polyvinylchloride films on a paper and fabric basis, paste leatherette end-to-end. Edges cut off from both parties, not scissors, and a sharp knife on exactly planed ruler in the length equal to length of a cloth or a few exceeding it. In one case to a scrap conduct on dry cloths, in other - after their softening from water and the subsequent namazyvanija gluing structure.

For scraps of edges of wall-paper the working sits down on a chair, a stool or a bench, lifts a foot of feet, puts on them a roll and, gradually unwinding it, cuts off an edge from the necessary party, the left hand skatyvaja the cut off part in a roll (fig. 98).

98. A scrap of edges of wall-paper; 99. Combination risonka wall-paper: and - wrong, - correct; 100. The developed surface of the walls which are pasted over with wall-paper Having cut off edges at all rolls, unroll their ends a little to establish monotone. With wall-paper homogeneous for colour paste over the most shined places, non-uniform - maloosveshchennye walls where there will be a furniture etc.

Having sorted, thus, rolls, they are cut on panels of the necessary length, with a stock by of 30-50 mm depending on krupnosti drawing. Having cut off the first panel, start to a piece of the second but so that drawing (fig. 99 has been combined). Wall-paper with large drawing cuts with a limiting stock which is necessary on a case of unequal height of walls and on usadku wall-paper after them namokanija from gluing substance that happens at application of pastes from a flour, starch or glue KMTS. After a label of a panel surpluses cut off at the plinth scissors or a knife on a ruler.

To accelerate narezanie wall-paper and to reduce quantity of a waste, it is necessary to arrive so. Three, five or more rolls unroll for the necessary length, precisely combine their drawing, cut off the superfluous ends, stack a roll on a roll, prigruzhajut and cut off panels of the necessary size. The panels cut thus pile or skatyvajut in not so dense roll with the big internal diameter. The remained pieces of the different sizes collect and use for pasting of walls under windows, over doors etc. (Fig. 100).

If in the course of pasting border or frieze gluing panels above should be strictly on one line is not provided. Otherwise the pasted over walls will look careless. At a border or frieze label these roughnesses are closed.

In building now pasting conduct, as a rule, without a border, flatness provide so. Below the white painted strip on walls, it is strict on its bottom line paste the cut off edges of wall-paper or the tapes cut from wall-paper in width of 20-30 mm. Wall-paper the top ends pastes on these tapes, and all roughnesses of the ends become imperceptible.

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