In a life along with traditional materials to furnish of walls and floors began to apply an oilcloth, a chintz and a velvet. These materials krepjat to walls and floors nails, mastics, glues, pastes. Nails apply with wide hats - white or omednennymi.
Surfaces of walls and floors should be prepared in appropriate way. In wooden rublenyh walls it is necessary to cover grooves plaster izvestkovo-plaster or gipsopeschanym with a solution or to close up rejkami. It is better to close up at first grooves a solution, and then to revet walls gipsokartonnymi with sheets. And it is even better to execute wet plaster. After good drying it is possible to start furnish.
With the Specified materials usually cover deal floors. If between boards there are cracks them close up semioil shpatlevkoj or wooden rejkami which beat to boards so that hats of nails have been hidden. Bad floors is better to lay firm wood-fiber plates, strongly having beaten them, and hats of nails to drown in thickness of a material on 1-2 mm and to cover semioil shpatlevkoj. With it cover all seams between plates. After drying shpatlevku smooth out a grinding skin.
On badly prepared floors the chintz and a velvet quickly wear out, especially in places of heavy traffic of people.
Fastening on nails. If apply a chintz with an ornament or drawing, it is necessary to achieve their combination by preparation of panels. Having cut a material on pieces of the necessary length, sew a panel on the size of a wall in which cut out apertures for windows and doors. At first a panel krepjat above, at a ceiling, hardly it pulling. Nails drive in not less often than through 25 see After that a panel krepjat below, about plinths, watching that about window and doorways the material has been tense without wrinkles. Especially well it is necessary krepit in corners. With a velvet upholster in the same way.
However both a chintz, and a velvet it is possible to beat, without sewing the panels, separate pieces, hammering in nails into edges. Edges can be put one under another and to have nails in one number; it is possible to beat and edges of each panel separately.
Gluing. To this purpose apply various glues and mastics, but is better usual paste from a flour or starch with addition in it (on a paste bucket) 100-150 g joiner's glue. Gluing on paste conveniently that if it is required to remove a chintz or a velvet, will enough moisten with their water, and, as soon as paste razmoknet, they will easily act in film. Other kinds of glues and mastics to soften not always it is possible.
It is possible to Paste the big panels or separate cloths, the last are more convenient in work. To smear a fabric as wall-paper, it is impossible: paste will get on an obverse surface and at priglazhivanii it will shine. Therefore a surface cover with the prepared paste and allow to it to dry up to otlipa, i.e. To such condition when to it fingers of hands, but without sticking to them of paste will stick still. On this paste stack a fabric and well it smooth. A velvet smooth through a paper or strike to it blows by a dry brush-tortsovkoj. Hands always should be pure and dry, without paste traces.
Into stone, brick, concrete surfaces a nail you will not hammer, and it though is easily driven in into plaster, but also very easily taken out. Therefore it is necessary to arrive so. Produce thin rejki in the width from 20 mm and to their back party krepjat thin carnations a material, and then rejku with a material krepjat to a wall. As krepjat and below. If a material to beat to a face sheet rejki it will densely not adjoin to a wall.
Rejki to walls krepjat so. At first in walls bore through or punch apertures, insert there wooden stoppers that they strongly kept, and into them - through rejku - hammer in nails.
Some strengthen panels, suspending them on a strong thread. Near to a corner into a wall from above and from below drive in nails. Through the sewed panel pass a thin strong kapron thread (a fishing scaffold), hardly pull, fix strongly for nails and straighten a material. So krepjat on all four parties of a wall.
It is expedient to spend at first trial gluing, having pasted a small piece of a chintz on a cardboard or plywood.
The Oilcloth to paste much easier, than a chintz and a velvet. From its face sheet gluing substances and other pollution easily leave. Practically it paste the same as linkrust, only do not presoak in water. It is possible to cover with an oilcloth not only walls, but also floors. However it is not recommended to cover a wall on all height, and on 1,5-1,7 m from a floor, as though arranging the panel. The oilcloth can either be pasted, or to nail up.
Nails apply the usual. An oilcloth cut on cloths of the necessary length, hang them on walls, attaching in several places nails above and below. From above edges close an apportion, i.e. rejkoj in the width no more than 30 mm. It can be painted an oil or enamel paint or to varnish. That edges densely adjoined one to another, they should be killed on a ruler.
On a floor an oilcloth paste on strong glues, mastics or pastes. Edges of panels necessarily prirezajut. Before oilcloth gluing on a floor it is necessary to read attentively gl. 5 "Лё=Ёющё=тю and repair of floors with plastic яюъЁ№=шхь".