Namazyvanie and solution levelling (fig. 58). These processes are carried out basically by the falcon or poluterkom. Kelmu use for podmazyvanija small sites of surfaces, for example, at plaster repair. It is possible to smear only a solution of a ground and nakryvki.
At work with the falcon in the left hand take the falcon, in right - kelmu. On the falcon type a solution and put it to a wall so that the upper edge of a board of the falcon has defended from a surface on 50-100 mm, and bottom has been pressed to a surface for a thickness of a put layer (fig. 58, and. On the falcon press the end kelmy, rested under shponku the falcon, and move it. In process of advancement of the falcon the solution is smeared on a surface, and the raised edge of a board gradually nestles on it. At corresponding skill to level the falcon a solution it is possible very exactly.
At work with poluterkom on it impose a bed a solution, approach to a surface, put to it of semigraters, press it and conduct on a wall from below upwards, and on a ceiling - in any direction (fig. 58, d. The width of a cloth a semigrater should be 120-200 mm that on it it was possible to keep more solution.
Leveling of a solution by the falcon and poluterkom is made the same as also it namazyvanie, only on the tool there should not be a solution.
Zatirka of plaster. After shvatyvanija nakryvki carry out zatirku by means of a wooden grater. After zatirki nakryvka should become equal and smooth, without bowls and hillocks.
Zatirku carry out when the solution has not absolutely got stronger yet and is rubbed clean by a grater without its preliminary wetting by water. At zatirke "тъЁѕуютѕ¦" a grater take the right hand, press a cloth to plaster and carry out it circular motions counter-clockwise. Thus bugorki a solution are cut off, and hollows are filled with a solution. If they deep remove accumulated on edges of a grater a solution and cover with it hollows. Simultaneously the grater condenses a solution. In those places where on plaster ledges are visible, it is necessary to press a grater and where a hollow - to weaken pressing more strongly.
If at zatirke round plaster has dried up and is hard rubbed clean, it moisten with water for a softening. It is necessary to moisten not so strongly as it will be impossible to jam the become wet plaster. At zatirke round on a surface remain krugoobraznye traces. That they were not, plaster rub clean "тЁрчуюэъѕ" (fig. 59,). Zatirku vrazgonku carry out on fresh zatirke round. At first rub clean round about 1 m 2 surfaces and there and then make zatirku vrazgonku.
On the jammed surface there should not be hillocks and the passed places as after colouring they will be very appreciable.
Oshtukaturivanie on beacons. In regular intervals to distribute a solution on a surface by means of the falcon or the semigrater difficultly to make it on beacons much easier.
Beacons are directing on which the rule will move during solution levelling. Beacons can be wooden, metal (steel) or from a solution (more often plaster).
It is the most easier to Individual builder to execute wooden and plaster beacons. They should be strictly vertical and be in one plane. The most rational distance between beacons of 1,5-2 m; it it is possible to increase about 3 m but then the rule should be moved together.
the Device rastvornyh beacons (fig. 60). First of all, a surface of walls and ceilings proveshivajut. On walls it do so. On distance of 200-300 mm from a wall and ceiling corner drive in a nail № 1 on toshchinu plasters, i.e. Its hat should defend from the prepared surface on distance, for example, 20 mm. From a hat of this nail lower a plumb that it did not reach a floor on 200-300 mm. Under a cord of the established plumb drive in a nail № 2 so that its hat did not reach a cord on 0,5 mm. In the same way in the second corner drive in nails № 3 and 4. Then check a wall plane, pulling a cord on a diagonal from a nail № 1 on a nail № 4 and from a nail № 2 on a nail № 3. If the wall has appeared convex nails pull out from a wall so that the thickness of a plaster coat has along the edges increased, and in the highest point of camber made 20 mm. If camber can be levelled somehow to oshtukaturivanija nails do not touch.
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