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Preparation of first coats,
podmazochnyh pastes and shpatlevok (a part 3)

Shpatlevki. the Surfaces subjected to colouring, not always happen smooth and they should be corrected shpatlevaniem. At high-quality colouring shpatlevanie carry out for two-three times.

Under different kinds of colouring apply the shpatlevki. The chalk for shpatlevok should be dry and thin, sifted through a fine sieve. SHpatlevki should have a consistence of the friable test. Dense shpatlevki it is difficult to level.

Shpatlevki under glutinous colouring. glutinous shpatlevka (structure № 12): 10%-s' solution of glue - 1 kg, drying oil - 25 g, 1 chalk (to working density) - about 2,5 kg.

In a hot glutinous solution add drying oil and mix before reception homogeneous emulsii. On this emulsii shut a chalk before reception shpatlevki demanded density. Drying oil enter that shpatlevka was strong, more slowly sohla, it was easier put and levelled on a surface.

Glutinous shpatlevka with soap (structure № 13): 10%-s' solution of glue - 1 kg, drying oil - 25 g, soap - 15 g, a chalk (to working density) - to 2,5 kg.

Prepare separately glutinous and soap solutions, then all mix. It is possible to arrive and so: to cut washed with thin shavings, to put in a hot glutinous solution and to mix until soap completely will not disperse and it will not turn out homogeneous emulsija. In hot emulsiju pour in a squirt drying oil, carefully mixing until it will turn out homogeneous mylno-oil-glutinous emulsija. On this emulsii get mixed up a chalk. Soap facilitates levelling shpatlevki on a surface.

Shpatlevka on vegetative glue (structure № 14): 5%-s' glutinous solution - 1 kg, drying oil (it is better natural) - 30 g, a chalk (to working density) - about 2,5 kg.

From a flour or starch prepare 5%-s' paste; in hot paste pour in a squirt drying oil, carefully mixing. In received emulsiju add a chalk and also all carefully mix.

Glutinous shpatlevka with a first coat (structure № 15): 10%-s' solution of glue - 150 g, kuporosnaja or kvastsovaja a first coat - 900-1000 g, a chalk (to working density) - about 2,5 kg.

Kuporosnuju mix a first coat with a glutinous solution. On the received solution get mixed up a chalk.

Shpatlevki under oil colouring. semioil shpatlevka on natural drying oil (structure № 16): natural drying oil - 1 kg, solvent (turpentine or varnish kerosene) - 250 g, sikkativ - 50 g, liquid soap - 20 g, 10%-s' solution of glue - 200 g, a chalk (to working density) - about 2,5 kg.

Soap plane thin shavings, put in a hot glutinous solution and carefully mix. It is possible to dissolve separately soap in a water small amount, to pour in in a glutinous solution and to mix. In the received mylno-glutinous solution a squirt at careful hashing pour in at first drying oil, then solvent and sikkativ. In received emulsiju gradually enter a chalk at careful hashing.

Semioil shpatlevka on drying oil-oksoli (structure № 17): drying oil-oksol - 1 kg, sikkativ - 50 g, liquid soap - 20 g, 10%-s' solution of glue - 200 g, (to working density) - about 2500 Prepare a chalk, as well as structure № 16.

Oil shpatlevka (structure № 18): natural drying oil - 1 kg, sikkativ - 100 g, a chalk (to working density) - about 2,5 kg.

Drying oil mix with sikkativom, receiving emulsiju in which add a chalk, and all mix. This shpatlevka dries up slowly, but has the raised durability. To apply it follows by preparation of floors, window covers, window sills, external doors and other surfaces subject to influence of a moisture.

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