To a covering of floors widely is applied by polyvinylchloride tiles of the different size and colour. A floor revet with tiles of one colour, two and more colours, creating beautiful drawing (fig. 51).
Tiles can be symmetrized and it is asymmetrical. At symmetric nastilke on a floor punch axes and find its center where stack the first majachnuju a tile. On an axis place majachnye tiles so that their middle precisely coincided with the punched line. The revetted floor will be beautiful, but in most cases at walls it is necessary to stack not the whole tiles, and cut off from them a knife on a ruler any part.
If to conduct nastilku the whole tiles from a premise corner rezanye tiles will be only on two parties of a floor, but it is not always beautiful. Is better nastilku to conduct the whole tiles from a door and a wall adjoining to it.
Inexact prirezka edges of tiles at walls has no value as they will be closed by plinths.
Before nastilkoj tiles put piles and place so that they did not prevent to work and were always near at hand. A label carry out on mastics which it is necessary to put in regular intervals both on the basis, and on the back party of tiles a layer no more than 0,5 mm. For mastic levelling use gear shpatel. Thick layers of mastic slowly harden, mastic is squeezed out while in service a floor through seams between tiles, polluting their face sheet. Thin layers of mastic do not provide strong priklejki tiles.
To the Put mastic give the chance to dry up a little that it became more viscous. In summertime at a normal temperature mode of mastic dry up faster, for example, minutes for 10, in the winter - for 20-30 minutes However it is very important not to overdry mastic. "+ю=ютэюё=і" mastics define so. If at easy pressing the finger does not stick to the dried mastic, means, it has dried up and is unsuitable for gluing of tiles: the tiles pasted on such mastic quickly will come unstuck. The finger should stick slightly.
If to lay tiles on the svezhe-put mastic without podsushki, it will harden very long as evaporation of flying solvents from under tiles occurs slowly. To go on such tiles it is impossible, because mastic will be squeezed out through seams between them, and corners and edges of tiles will come unstuck. In this case it is necessary careful prigruzka all tiles for long time.
At nastilke tiles at first spread so-called majachnye numbers dry, without mastic, and carefully them level. Then the basis and the back party of tiles smear with mastic and leave for podsushki. With mastic cover 2-3 m 2 the basis areas (zahvatka) and quantity of tiles corresponding to it (depending on a mastic kind zahvatka can be time in two less or more). In general tiles should be laid for 15-30 minutes
After podsyhanija mastics start packing of tiles (fig. 52). A tile take for edges and put in place precisely intended for it, at all without moving here and there. (At tile movement from place to place mastic from under it will be squeezed out through a seam.) the laid tile carefully smooth hands and pripressovyvajut a wooden hammer with a rubber tip, putting them not strong blows. Obushok a hammer should be in the size not less than 50 h 50 mm. Mastic from pripressovki is in regular intervals distributed under a tile which thus is strongly pasted.
The Following tile put near to laid, and edges of tiles should adjoin densely one another. The mastic squeezed out from under tiles immediately remove a rag slightly moistened in solvent. It is necessary to mean that solvent should not get to seams as it will dissolve mastic that will lead to durability decrease priklejki.
It is recommended each laid tile prigruzhat a small sack with sand. Width of sacks of 10-15 sm, length - 25-30 sm (the length of sacks should be on 5 sm of more length of a tile). As tiles have the different sizes, sacks should be sewed for the greatest tiles. For work it is necessary to have not less than 30 sacks with dry sand.
Instead of tile sacks it is possible prigruzhat bricks, stacking them not directly on tiles, and on a paper, a cardboard or a fabric not to scratch a face sheet of tiles.
Warming up of tiles. Soft elastic tiles are better pasted to the basis, therefore before packing them warm up. Warming up of tiles is required only when temperature indoors more low 10°С, i.e. When tiles become much more rigid, than during warm time.
Tiles warm up to 40... 50°С, but it is no more, as at this temperature of a tile do not change the sizes. The peregretye tiles laid on the basis, after cooling are compressed, and between them the cracks spoiling a kind of a covering are formed.
Tiles is better to warm up so. Over a gas cooker at height of 50 sm strengthen a wooden lattice. Light torches and regulate them so that the laid tiles heated up to the specified temperature for 4-5 minutes
At first on a lattice put one tile as soon as it will heat up, it remove and put on its place another. The removed tile smear with mastic. On a measure podsyhanija mastics stack a tile on the basis.
Defects of tiled coverings. Sometimes tiles come unstuck, between them cracks are formed, through seams mastic is squeezed out or edges and corners are jarred on.
Tiles sometimes because Come unstuck that have been pasted on the damp or dusty basis, and also after their packing on a thin layer of mastic or on the dried up mastic. To eliminate defect, tiles remove, the basis clear of a dust, well dry and again stack a tile on the mastic put by a layer of a normal thickness. If mastic has dried up, it can be warmed up to 50°С.
Cracks between tiles are formed at laying of hot tiles near to not cooled down. Cracks will not be if to stack hot tiles near to cooled down or peregretye tiles to cool to 40... 50°С.
Mastic from seams between tiles is squeezed out because has been put by a thick layer or nastilka was carried out on not dried up mastic. To correct such defects it is possible only by pereklejki tiles.
Edges and corners of tiles are jarred on because that nastilka was conducted on not dried up mastic or on its thick layer. At correction of defect of a tile close a paper, iron a hot iron and prigruzhajut. Edges and corners can unstick and the solvent which has got under them. In this case edges lift for solvent evaporation, and as soon as mastic will dry up, them again paste and smooth a hot iron, then prigruzhajut.